Before Digital Visitors and Residents came into place, there was the digital natives and immigrants. For which the natives refers to the population who were born and bred during the era of technology and the immigrants as those that existed before the happenstance. Therefore, Prensky concluded that the natives had to be tech/web savvy.
This understanding is akin to saying that if a person was born during the introduction of cars, they were to be professional drivers and those that didn’t, were bad drivers. It doesn’t show substantive evidence that age has in any relation to being professional drivers or in this case being computer competent. In fact, it is subjective to each and every person.
I was born as a “digital native” and my father was born as a “digital immigrant”, but I am not as tech savvy as he is. He teaches me how to use digital tools because he is way more literate in it than me. Why? You may ask. I say because he is interested, motivated and very engaged in technology and the internet. He spends a lot of time online exploring, utilizing and benefiting from them.
This brings me to Digital Visitors and Residents. Another distinction formed by David.S.White about the population who uses the web only for specific purposes (visitors) at specific times while the other uses it for different purposes such as entertainment, information, socializing (residents) for most of their daily lives while also building a strong presence online.
I don’t exactly see a clear line between a Digital Visitor and Resident because I often witness in – be tweens. As mentioned, my father is quite a resident because of how much time he spends online, and is very engaged in, but he doesn’t maintain an online persona. Also, he is a visitor at times, using the web only when he needs to and not when he wants to. Which, in fact I am very alike, since I spend a large amount of time online for leisure and work but I have no interest in building an identity. Thus, the categories are in many ways overlapping. In a nutshell, it really depends on an individual when it comes to being competent in a certain area, age don’t play a major role in affecting it. Rather, it’s the drive and intention of the individuals themselves.
David S White. (2011). Not ‘Natives’ & ‘Immigrants’ but ‘Visitors’ & ‘Residents’. Available: http://tallblog.conted.ox.ac.uk/index.php/2008/07/23/not-natives-immigrants-but-visitors-residents/. Last accessed 30th Oct 2015.
Jamie Carracher. (2011). How Baby Boomers Are Embracing Digital Media. Available: http://tallblog.conted.ox.ac.uk/index.php/2008/07/23/not-natives-immigrants-but-visitors-residents/http://mashable.com/2011/04/06/baby-boomers-digital-media/#xpwcwP1JDGqL. Last accessed 30th Oct 2015.
White, D. S., & Cornu, A. L.. (2011). Visitors and Residents: A new typology for online engagement.. Available: http://firstmonday.org/article/view/3171/3049%20https://comminfo.rutgers.edu/~tefko/Courses/Zadar/Readings/Selwyn%20dig%20natives,%20Aslib%20Proceedings%202009.pdf. Last accessed 30th Oct 2015.
Lynn Connaway. (2014). Visitors and Residents: What Motivates Engagement with the Digital Information Environment?. Available: http://www.slideshare.net/LynnConnaway/visitors-and-residents-what-motivates-engagement-with-the-digital-information-environment-36883342. Last accessed 30th Oct 2015.
Youngsters vs oldies. (n.d.). [image] Available at: http://microsites.lomography.com/analogue-vs-digital/ [Accessed 30 Oct. 2015].